Research Efforts:

Over the years, the research for development activities of the Institute are carried out at Departmental, Programme, Sectional and Unit levels, using experienced scientists and supporting staff with different backgrounds and disciplines in Agricultural Sciences.

As a way of ensuring that results obtained are applicable in the various agro-ecological zones of Nigeria, field trials are conducted at the Institute’s ten (10) outstations scattered in different parts of the country as afore-mentioned.

The Institute collaborates actively with scientists from other Agricultural Research Institutes in Nigeria as well as International Research Organizations, Universities, Advanced Research Laboratories, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), other relevant private and public concerns, States and Local Governments and Multinational Corporate Companies.


  • Breeding and varietal maintenance of our mandate crops
  • Agronomic Practices for the cultivation of our mandate crops
  • Soil improvement practices
  • Crop Protection Practices
  • Adding values to our mandate crops through processing and utilizations
  • Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation of our research activities
  • Diagnostic and thematic surveys
  • Socio – Economic studies
  • Dissemination of Research Results

Farming Systems Research and Extension:

The Programme concerns itself with development of sustainable low input improved agricultural technologies without degrading the environment, adding values to the farming enterprises; reduce the

drudgery of labour in crop production and dissemination of low input technologies to the farmers and other stake holders in Nigeria through MTRM, other training activities, distribution of crop production and processing extension guides, exhibition, trade fairs and Agricultural shows.

Specifically, some of the areas where we have made impacts include the following:

  • Soil fertility maintenance using green manure plants.
  • Efficient soil and water management strategies for upland crops production and the different crop based farming systems.
  • Agronomic practices.
  • Increased land use productivity through dry season vegetable production after some main crops in the inland valleys and flood plains.
  • Striga management approaches.
  • Conduct of both thematic and diagnostic surveys for major farming systems.
  • Trained farmers, extension staff of ADPs on rice, sugarcane, soybean and beniseed production and processing technologies including students on industrial attachments and excursions.
  • Conduct of workshops, seminars and organize conferences on crops production and processing.
  • Coordination of REFILs activities in the middle belt zone, intervention projects like RTEP, Doubling maize, Rice initiatives, IVC and SPIRIVWA Projects.
  • Production and distribution of Extension Guides for our mandate crops.
  • Development, exhibition and demonstration of the different recipes from our mandate crops.
  • Provision of both foundation and certified seeds of the Institute’s mandate crops to other scientists, farmers, government and NGOs.



  1. The Institute has a core of scientists in different disciplines for effective research.
  2. The Institute has a well developed laboratory for soil, water and plant analysis.
  3. Carryout feasibility studies on Agricultural and agro Industrial businesses for states, banks, individuals etc. for the establishment of small – medium or commercial farms.
  4. Carryout soil survey, mapping and evaluation services including thematic and diagnostic surveys.
  1. Analysis, test and evaluation of Agro-chemicals such as fertilizers, herbicides, insecticides etc. for various agro climatic conditions.
  2. The Institute organizes training on production and processing of its mandate crops for subject matter specialist (SMS), Farmers, Students and other interested organizations and individuals.
  3. The Institute Agricultural Engineering and Fabrication Department is into fabrication of small, medium – scale equipments and machines for farmers, cooperative groups, Farmers Association and other organizations that may require them e.g. Rice and brown sugar, processing machines, soyabean and beniseed oil extractors etc.
  1. Commercial grains, breeder and foundation seeds production for our mandate and non mandate crops for the different ecologies in the country, low N and water efficient, pests and diseases tolerant/resistant varieties etc.
  1. Disseminate technologies, impact assessment and adoption studies.
  1. Crop processing in order to add values to our mandate crops.

NCRI Role in the Federal Government Agricultural Transformation Agenda:

Let me reiterate here that NCRI involvement is strategic and important to the Agricultural Transformation Agenda of the Federal Government especially in the area of crop productivity by developing different varieties of different crops addressing specific stresses; environment; utilization; value addition; storage; marketing; training; setting up commercial farms and development of crop processing machines and equipment. 

The Institute provides research for development information to the stake-holders in the agricultural sector as per the Institute representations on Rice, Soybean, Maize and Extension Transformation agenda.

Our physical materials are:

  • Rice processing procedures and equipment.
  • Brown sugar processing procedures and the equipment.
  • Different varieties from different crops with their characteristics.
  • Some charts talking about NCRI set up and functions.

The literature materials include:

  • 14 series of production guides on different crops.
  • 6 training manuals mainly on production, processing, packaging, storage and marketing and;
  • 2 Information Guides among others.

Oilseed Crops:

National output of soybean increased from 160,000 metric tons in 1995 to 700,000 metric tons in 2010.  Ever since, there has been an increase in demand due to increased awareness as a result of NCRI extension activities.  Secondly, the Institute has released 8 new

varieties that are short – medium duration including TGX 1825 – 10E that is rust tolerant.

Beniseed production rose from 98,000 metric tons in 2000 to 140,000 metric tons in 2010.  During the period under review, the Institute released 4 varieties.  Increase in Production was due to awareness created by the Institute on the uses of Beniseed especially in Katsina, Bauchi and Plateau State.

The Institute has specifically:

  • Released fourteen (14) high yielding varieties of Soyabean and five (5) varieties of Beniseed (Sesame) to farmers in Nigeria.
  • Came up with both Soyabean and Beniseed improved production technologies.
  • Produced machines for cottage level beniseed oil extraction.
  • Processing Soya bean and Beniseed into various recipes that are of high nutritional quality viz – Soy-kunu, Soy-cheese, Soy-daddawa, Soymilk, Soya-snacks, Soya-soup, Soya-moin-moin, Soy-akara etc.
  • Developed simple technology for the dehauling and steaming beniseed for efficient oil extraction adaptable to house hold level.

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